Electricity generation with wind
In 2019, wind turbines in the United States were the source of about 7% of total U.S. utility-scale electricity generation. While 42% of total US energy came from from renewable energy sources.
The amount of electricity generated from wind has grown significantly since 2000. Electricity generation from wind in the United States increased from about 6 billion kilowatt-hours (kWh) in 2000 to about 275 billion kWh in 2018.
New technologies have decreased the cost of producing electricity from wind, and growth in wind power has been encouraged by government and industry incentives.
There are three basic types of wind turbines:
The size of wind turbines varies widely. The length of the blades is the biggest factor in determining the amount of electricity a wind turbine can generate. Small wind turbines that can power a single home may have an electricity generating capacity of 10 kilowatts (kW). The largest wind turbines in operation have electricity generating capacities of up to 10,000 kW, and larger turbines are in development. Large turbines are often grouped together to create wind power plants, or wind farms, that provide power to electricity grids.
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